In this article, we continue to discuss ways to set up your computer workspace for optimal ergonomic design factors. It can help reduce possible strain and injuries to the body. See Ergonomic Set up Tips for Your Workspace – Part 1 for more information.
Be sure to keep your forearms horizontal to the ground and your wrists straight when using the keyboard. Elbows will be close to the body. Place your keyboard directly in front of the monitor. Reference documents can be set between the monitor and the keyboard or directly alongside the screen in a document holder. Lower the feet at the rear of the keyboard to avoid strain on your shoulders and wrists.
The mouse should fit the size of your hand comfortably as it sits alongside the keyboard. Your wrist should be in a neutral position, avoiding any bending while you use the mouse. Let the desk support the weight of your arm. You can also consider moving the mouse in front of the keyboard. This keeps your elbow close to your body eliminating strain. Keyboard shortcuts keys can also help.
The body was not meant to stay in the same position for hours at a time, but, if you work at the computer, chances are that’s what you are doing. Change your posture frequently to minimize fatigue and take quick breaks where you get up and move around. Stretching your neck, shoulders, wrists, back and ankles is also recommended. See Why Ergonomic Stretching is Important at Work for exercise suggestions.